normal-blood-sugarJUMP TO: Intro | Blood sugar vs blood glucose | Diagnostic ranges | Blood sugar targets for individuals with kind 2 diabetes | Visual chart | Commonly requested questions on blood sugar

Before Getting Started

I used to be speaking to considered one of my purchasers lately in regards to the significance of getting blood sugar ranges underneath management.

So earlier than sharing the diabetes blood sugar ranges chart, I need to OVER EMPHASIZE the significance of you gaining the perfect management of your blood sugar ranges as you presumably can. Just taking medicine and doing nothing else is admittedly not sufficient.

You see, I simply don’t suppose many individuals are absolutely knowledgeable about why it’s so essential to do, as a result of if you have already got a diabetes prognosis then you might be already at excessive danger for coronary heart illness and different vascular issues.

Maybe you’ve been higher knowledgeable by your physician however many individuals I come throughout haven’t. So if that’s you, it’s vital to know that in your pre-diabetic interval, there may be numerous harm that’s already finished to the vascular system. This happens as a result of higher-than-normal blood sugar, that’s what causes the harm.

So now that you’ve kind 2 diabetes, you need to forestall any of the nasty issues by gaining good management over your ranges.

Truly, ask anybody having to stay with diabetes issues and so they’ll inform you it’s the pits!

You DO NOT need it to occur to you for those who can keep away from it.

While drugs could also be wanted, simply taking medicine alone and doing nothing is admittedly not sufficient!

Why is it not sufficient even when your blood sugars appear fairly underneath management?

Well, one widespread analysis statement in individuals with diabetes, is there’s a gradual and declining development of blood sugar management and signs. Meaning, over time your skill to control sugars and hold wholesome will get more durable. If you’re taking medicine you’ll seemingly need to take an increasing number of.

BUT, for those who empower your self with the correct diet and life-style and put scientifically confirmed methods into follow, then you possibly can eradicate or reduce drugs, and stop this gradual decline. In many instances, persons are even placing their diabetes into full remission – which means their physique is functioning as regular – it’s attainable, in lots of.

Leisa lowered blood sugar from 300s to regular in simply 30 days.

Let us present you ways >>

“Not only are my readings now within normal range, I’m also down over 20 pounds and feeling so much better. Thank you.”


Now that you simply perceive simply how vital that is, let’s get all the way down to blood sugar numbers and goal ranges. And on the backside of this web page, you possibly can obtain printable blood sugar ranges charts and day by day logs.

Blood Sugar/Blood Glucose = Same/Same

You may see some charts or learn some articles that say ‘blood sugar chart’ and others that say ‘blood glucose levels chart.’

Just in case you might be confused these each imply the identical factor. The phrases ‘sugar’ and ‘glucose’ are sometimes used interchangeably.

Let’s Crunch Some Numbers

I’ll give these numbers to you in a written, chart, and visible format as a result of it would make sense to you relying the way you learn it.

Depending the place you reside on the earth, numbers can differ barely. And your numbers will both be mg/dl or mmol/l. You’ll discover the numbers for each of those readings beneath.

Normal Blood Sugar Levels

Fasting glucose – 70-99 mg/dl or Four-6 mmol/l (Note: there may be some debate in regards to the regular vary in mmol/l, starting from 5.5 to six mmol/l)

2 hours put up meal glucose – Less than 140 mg/dl or lower than 7.Eight mmol/l

Pre-diabetes – additionally referred to as impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance

Fasting glucose – 100-125 mg/dl or 6.1-6.9 mmol/l

2 hours put up meal glucose stage – 140-199 mg/ dl or 7.Eight-11 mmol/l


Fasting glucose – More than 126 mg/dl or greater than 7.Zero mmol/l

2 hours glucose stage – More than 200 mg/dl or greater than 11.1 mmol/l

Blood Sugar Levels Chart

The above chart and the one beneath are precisely the identical, in numerous codecs.

Category Fasting worth Post prandial / aka put up meal
  Minimum Maximum 2 hours after meal
Normal 70 mg/dl 99 mg/dl Less than 140 mg/dl
  Four mmol/l 6 mmol/l Less than 7.Eight mmol/l
Pre-diabetes 100 mg/dl 125 mg/dl 140-199 mg/dl
  6.1 mmol/l 6.9 mmol/l 7.Eight-11 mmol/l
Diabetes More than 126 mg/dl   More than 200
  More than 7 mmol/l   More than 11.1 mmol/l

These are the diagnostic ranges. As you possibly can see, the “normal” vary for fasting glucose is underneath 100 mg/dl or 6 mmol/l. Though simply to notice, there may be some debate in regards to the regular vary in mmol/l, starting from 5.5 to six mmol/l. So relying what chart you take a look at, you might even see both of these numbers.

After a meal, the utmost studying you ideally need to see is 140 or 7.Eight.

If you’re getting readings above this, you’ll be identified with prediabetes or kind 2 diabetes, as proven within the charts above.

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Diabetes Blood Sugar Level Goals

Upon waking earlier than breakfast (Fasting)

  • 70-130 (Ideal underneath 110) mg/dl
  • Four-7.2 (Ideal underneath underneath 6.1) mmol/l

Two hours after meals

  • Under 180 (Ideal is underneath 140) mg/dl
  • Under 10 (Ideal is underneath 7.Eight) mmol/l


  • 90-150 mg/dl
  • 5-Eight.three mmol/l

The above ranges, for individuals identified with kind 2 diabetes, are the overall targets set by the American  Diabetes Association and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists. 

As urged earlier, there may be some variation within the blood sugar ranges targets set by totally different organizations. And moreover, your doctor or healthcare staff might set your targets at a extra stringent stage.

For occasion, fasting ranges:

  • Between 70-100 mg/dL or Four-5.6 mmol/l (optimum)
  • 70-110 mg/dL or Four-6 mmol/l (nonetheless good management)
  • 70-130 mg/dL or Four-7.2 mmol/l (extra liberal, however reasonable for a lot of)

Once you might have a kind 2 diabetes prognosis, the general targets it’s best to goal for is to get your blood sugar ranges as near “normal” “optimal” ranges as you presumably can.

BUT, as urged above, typically targets are set with greater targets initially. For occasion, if in case you have a excessive studying of 250 or 300 (13 or 17), your doctor or well being practitioner might suggest 200 (11.1) be an preliminary aim, then 180 (10), earlier than steadily working towards 140 (7.Eight) and decrease.

The purpose that is typically really helpful is you possibly can expertise signs of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) for those who deliver your ranges down in a short time. So working towards tighter and tighter management does take a while.

You ought to work along with your healthcare staff on this. But total probably the most optimum targets to work towards are a fasting glucose underneath 100 mg/dl or 6 mmol/l. And an after-meal studying beneath 140 or 7.Eight.

The Visual Version 

Please pin, tweet or share this chart to assist others – thanks!

Diabetes Blood Sugar Levels Chart

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Commonly Asked Questions About Blood Sugar Levels

What is the distinction between blood sugar and A1c?

Blood sugar is a day by day studying whereas A1c is a blood check that measures your common blood sugar from the earlier three month interval.

You can learn extra in regards to the distinction between the 2 over right here.

Will weight reduction assist with my diabetes administration?

Yes, by default weight reduction helps as a result of it reduces irritation in your physique and improves total metabolic operate. However, weight reduction alone gained’t decrease blood sugar ranges. You typically need to make a number of weight-reduction plan and life-style modifications to deliver your ranges inside regular vary.

I’ve been prescribed Metformin, will that assist with my blood glucose ranges?

Yes, Metformin is likely one of the mostly prescribed diabetes drugs worldwide. It belongs to a category of medicines often known as “Biguanides,” which decrease blood glucose by reducing the quantity of sugar put out by the liver. And it is likely one of the drugs that doesn’t enhance weight acquire.

We have detailed details about Metformin right here.

Why does excessive blood sugar trigger issues like neuropathy?

The physique is designed to have a blood sugar stage inside a sure vary, with a most of 140 (7.Eight) after meals. Levels above regular for prolonged intervals promote irritation within the blood vessels all through the physique, together with harm to cells – just because the physique isn’t designed to function with ranges above regular.

Diabetic neuropathy is harm to the nerve vessels ensuing from chronically excessive blood sugar – which means long-term, not a number of excessive readings every now and then. Other kinds of diabetes issues (nephropathy, retinopathy, and so on) are additionally attributable to the identical components.

What kind of weight-reduction plan helps to decrease blood sugar ranges?

Scientific analysis signifies that a low carb weight-reduction plan is a good dietary sample for enhancing blood sugar, A1c, weight, ldl cholesterol and different components.

Carbohydrates are the primary nutrient that influences your blood sugar ranges. The kind is vital, however the quantity has the best impression on each day by day blood glucose and A1c measurements.

Read this information on beginning your weight-reduction plan plan. You’ll additionally discover these 15 carbohydrate questions and solutions helpful.

Is there a distinct blood sugar ranges chart by age?

No. The human physique was designed to have blood sugar ranges inside a ‘normal’ vary, no matter your age. 

However, totally different blood sugar stage targets are set for every particular person individual, notably youngsters and the aged.

The diabetes group in my nation lists totally different ranges, why are these totally different?

It could make it complicated when totally different organizations record totally different values. And sadly, there isn’t a one acknowledged worth at this level, though there ought to be.

Here are the group listings for some components of the globe:

American Diabetes Association 

List the conventional vary between 70-99 mg/dl (three.9-5.6 mmol/l).

They recommend blood glucose targets for individuals with kind 2 diabetes are:

  • 80-130 mg/dl earlier than meals (Four.Four-7.2 mg/dl)
  • Less than 180 mg/dl after meals (10 mmol/l)

Diabetes Australia

List the conventional vary between Four.Zero-7.8mmol/l.

They recommend blood glucose targets for individuals with kind 2 diabetes are:

  • 6-Eight mmol/l earlier than meals (108-144 mg/dl)
  • 6-10 mmol after meals / 108-180 mg/dl

Diabetes UK

List the conventional vary between Four-6 mmol/l (72-108 mg/dl) when fasting. And up to 7.Eight mmol/l (140 mg/dl) 2 hours after consuming.

They recommend blood glucose targets for individuals with kind 2 diabetes are:

  • Four-7 mmol/l earlier than meals (72-126 mg/dl)
  • Under Eight.5 mmol/l after meals (153 mg/dl)

Diabetes Canada

Like Diabetes UK, they recommend blood glucose targets for individuals with kind 2 diabetes are Four-7 mmol/l earlier than meals (72-126 mg/dl).

5-10 mmol/l after meals (90-180 mg/dl), or if A1c targets will not be being met, it ought to be lowered to 5-Eight mmol/l (90-144 mg/dl).

Hopefully we are going to see organizations worldwide record the identical glucose readings in future so there may be not such a confusion.

Can these charts be used as a pre diabetes blood sugar ranges chart?

Yes. The charts comprise the numbers for prediabetes as nicely. And you need to use the charts to trace your meals consumption and day by day numbers, together with train or different notes you need to embrace.

Is day by day blood glucose monitoring really helpful?

If you might have kind 2 diabetes or prediabetes, day by day self-monitoring utilizing a blood glucose meter (which entails a easy finger-prick check), may be a good way to grasp what is occurring in your physique so you possibly can deliver your ranges underneath management.

How typically ought to I take a blood sugar pattern?

There is extensive variability on how typically to observe, relying on the state of your diabetes and therapy. But, most individuals monitor 1-2 instances day by day – fasting (very first thing within the morning) and a pair of hours after the most important meal. For your after-meal (postprandial) blood pattern, time out of your first chunk of meals.

If you’re newly identified or attempting to achieve higher management, it may be useful to observe extra regularly so you possibly can assess your progress and work on altering weight-reduction plan and life-style habits to assist your targets.

One factor that’s useful with mealtimes is “monitoring in pairs.” To monitor in pairs you examine your ranges earlier than, then 2 hours after a meal. It’s a good way to get a sign of the impact of meals and the quantity of carbs you’re consuming. If you log your numbers and your day by day meals consumption and life-style habits, you’ll quickly see patterns rising after which you may make the mandatory changes to your dietary routine.

How to Monitor in Pairs for Better Blood Sugar Control

When you obtain our free blood sugar chart beneath, we’ll additionally present some blood sugar logs so you possibly can report your blood sugar readings. NOTE: If you’re taking the 21 Day Lower Blood Sugar Challenge we’ve despatched you the obtain to your e-mail inbox.

YOUR TASK: 21 Day Lower Blood Sugar Challenge

  1. Re-evaluate your blood sugar targets – chances are you’ll already be throughout the wholesome vary, and that’s nice – sustain the good work so you possibly can hold them there! If you’re not, proceed to work towards making weight-reduction plan and life-style modifications. You now perceive why it’s so vital to goal towards a wholesome vary – it protects your well being from nasty diabetic issues! And it makes you are feeling higher total. So decide to you, attempt to comply with the steerage we’ve been offering to you thru the problem and proceed to take small steps ahead every day. 🙂

Commit to your self and apply what we share as a result of we all know what we share will help you get outcomes.

Well there you might have it. Hope you discover this data useful and for those who do please pin it and share it round to assist others. Thanks!

Type 2 diabetes blood sugar resources

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